DUBNA, one of the young cities in Russia and the Moscow region, is known in the world as the largest scientific center. Scientists from all over the world have been fruitfully cooperating here for more than half a century. This is the only Russian city immortalized in Mendeleev’s Periodic Table of Elements: dubnium is the 105th chemical element discovered by the scientists of the city.
Dubna is located 125 km from Moscow on the banks of the Volga River in a picturesque part of the Northern Moscow Region. It is home to 67.9 thousand people. Since 2001 it has become a Science City of the Russian Federation. National goals in basic science, defense, and production of high-tech equipment have been successfully achieved here. More than a third of those employed in the economy work in the research and production sector. Of these, about 300 Doctors of Sciences (Grand PhD) and more than 800 Candidates of Sciences (PhD), 10 Academicians and 8 Corresponding Members of the Academies of Sciences.
Dubna was granted the status of a city on July 24, 1956, reflecting the foundation of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, the international scientific center of socialist countries. Later, the city included the Bolshaya Volga (Big Volga) town, the surrounding villages, and in 1960, the town of Ivankovo, where since 1939 the aviation enterprise produced aviation and missile technology required for the country defense purposes.
Being the largest scientific and industrial center in Russia and the Moscow region with a developed system of education, culture, and health care, it provides the highest standards of population living.
Such prominent figures of Russian science and engineering as A.M. Baldin, N.N. Bogolyubov, D.I. Blokhintsev, V.I. Veksler, V.P. Dzhelepov, I.V. Kurchatov, A.P. Logunov, M.A. Markov, M.G. Meshcheryakov, B.M. Pontekorvo, Y.TS. Oganessyan, G.N. Flerov, I.M. Frank, F.L. Shapiro, D.V. Shirkov, A.Ya. Bereznyak, A.I. Mikoyan, A.N. Tupolev, S.I. Chetverikov participated directly in the formation and development of the Dubna city, its enterprises and scientific organizations.
During the reform period of the 1990s, Dubna managed to preserve the concept and background of its research and production activities and lay down the foundations for innovative development. Since 2000, the city experiences a dynamic economic growth. Special Economic Zone of Technical Innovation Type has been formed in the city since 2006.